Archives for the month of: March, 2014

Dans cette contribution au colloque Penser l’émancipation, qui s’est tenu en février 2014 à Nanterre, la théoricienne féministe Joan W. Scott revient sur les usages racistes de l’émancipation sexuelle dans les dernières décennies. Elle retrace les origines de cette dérive dans la récupération néolibérale de la rhétorique de la libération sexuelle. Réaliser son désir sexuel est devenu une condition pour accéder à la citoyenneté ; dès lors, la répression sexuelle est corrélativement le stigmate permettant d’exclure des groupes sociaux du droit à avoir des droits, les musulmanes en particulier. Le texte de Joan W. Scott est un avertissement contre les dangers d’une vision libérale de la démocratie sexuelle.

Publié par la revue critique ContreTemps

 

Subtle but powerful expressions of the logic of domination are prevalent in the ordinary use of the English language, but I have taken care throughout this text to avoid unnecessarily oppressive turns of phrase. I resist what is sometimes referred to as ableist language, for example, by avoiding visual and auditory metaphors such as ‘seeing’ the point or ‘listening’ to reason. Instead, I reserve visual and auditory references for those fairly rare contexts in which vision or hearing is actually relevant to the ideas that I aim to express. This is analogous to avoiding allegedly generic uses of ‘man’ and ‘men’… and instead reserving those terms for contexts in which sex and gender are of some relevance. I also avoid the use of unnecessary bodily metaphors, such as ‘standing up’ for a cause. In addition, I resist the use of binary language by avoiding the gender pronouns ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘him’, ‘his’, and ‘her’, and I resist the use of universalizing language by avoiding the plural pronouns ‘we’ and ‘our’. I also resist oppositional language by avoiding such expressions as ‘arguably’, and ‘on the contrary’.

 Feminism is Queer, Mimi Marinucci, Zed Books: London & New York. 2010. p. xiv

The Growing Transgender Presence in Pop Culture.

… That a show by two transgender artists should be so prominently featured at the 2014 Biennial should come as a surprise to no one. It is just more evidence of the increasing presence of trans people at the center of popular culture…

By JACOB BERNSTEIN, March 12, 2014, Fashion and Style Section, NY Times

Au contraire, la biologie, en particulier la biologie de l’évolution, suggère plutôt l’existence d’un « désordre naturel », résultant de l’action du hasard et de la sélection naturelle. Elle nous révèle une forte diversité des comportements, qu’ils soient ou non sexués …..

Le Monde, 12.03.2014

Par un collectif d’enseignants et de chercheurs en biologie et en philosophie de la biologie

The Politics of the Body: Gender in a Neoliberal and Neoconservative Age

The body is a site of impassioned, fraught and complex debate in the West today. In one political moment, left-wingers, academics and feminists have defended powerful men accused of sex crimes, positioned topless pictures in the tabloids as empowering, and opposed them for sexualizing breasts and undermining their ‘natural’ function. At the same time they have been criticized by extreme-right groups for ignoring honour killings and other ‘culture-based’ forms of violence against women. How can we make sense of this varied terrain?

In this important and challenging new book, Alison Phipps constructs a political sociology of women’s bodies around key debates: sexual violence, gender and Islam, sex work and motherhood. Her analysis uncovers dubious rhetorics and paradoxical allegiances, and contextualizes these within the powerful coalition of neoliberal and neoconservative frameworks. She explores how ‘feminism’ can be caricatured and vilified at both ends of the political spectrum, arguing that Western feminisms are now faced with complex problems of positioning in a world where gender often comes second to other political priorities.

This book provides a welcome investigation into Western politics around women’s bodies, and will be particularly useful to scholars and upper-level students of sociology, political science, gender studies and cultural studies, as well as to anyone interested in how bodies become politicised.

Author Information

Alison Phipps is Senior Lecturer in Sociology and Director of Gender Studies at the University of Sussex, UK. Between 2009 and 2012, she was Chair of the Feminist and Women’s Studies Association of the UK and Ireland.